Sociologie Românească, Vol. VIII, no. 1/2010, pp. 85-99.
Societatea românească între polarizare şi stratificare. O perspectivă după 19 ani de postcomunism
Romanian society between polarization and stratification. Taking perspective after nineteen years of post-communism
Bogdan Gheorghiță, Sabina-Adina Luca*
*University "Lucian Blaga" Sibiu
Abstract: After nineteen years of postcommunism, Romania experiences a lot of changes in the social structure. The way from a social structure, which characterized the communist society, to a different kind of social structure which characterized a democratic society, is not finished yet. A slight stratification resulting from the establishment of a middle class and the emergence of some new categories such as entrepreneurs, was visible in Romania after the year 2000. After this year, the level of poverty, as well as the level of unemployement began to decrease. This kind of optimism may desapeare in the context of the new financial and economic crisis. This crisis may increase the level of poverty again, and also the level of social homogenisation. Making a theoretical study as well as an empirical one, we analised some statistical data to identify the level of some socio-economic indicators, which help us to understand the process of social stratification in Romania.
Keywords: social polarization, social stratification, social structure, social change.
Cuvinte cheie: polarizare socială, stratificare socială, structură socială, schimbare socială.