Vasiliu, Dragoman 2/2008

Sociologie Românească, Vol. VI, no. 2/2008, pp. 30-39.




Politici culturale şi afirmarea identităţii. Luxemburg şi Marea Regiune - Sibiu. Capitale Culturale Europene în 2007

Cultural policies and identity affirmation. Luxemburg and the Great Region - Sibiu. European Cultural Capitals in 2007

Florica Vasiliu, Dragoş Dragoman


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Abstract: Sibiu and Luxembourg shared in 2007 the European Capital of Culture title. Although the cities had clear, distinct and peculiar programmes, one might easily map a common feature, namely the emphasis on identity. By using the 2007 title, Luxembourg tried symbolically to assess its privileged cultural connections with its former provinces, which are now parts of neighboring France, Belgium and Germany. Yet the partnership between Luxembourg and Sibiu is merely founded on the same symbolic ground, namely the common origin of the two cities that finally rejoin, following centuries of distinctive historical paths. In this vein of identity promotion, Sibiu largely emphasized its multiculturalism as a landmark for Europeanization in the very year of Romania’s European full membership. The cooperation between different ethnic and religious cultures in the city in 2007, with consistent cultural contacts with citizens from other countries, seem to had influenced local identity and helped open the local community even wider. At the same time, basic identity layers tell another story, namely the requirements for the Romanian citizenship, which unravel an ongoing contradiction between Europeanization and Romanian national identity.