Bucur 2/2011

Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. IX, no. 2/2011, pp. 3-27.




O privire critică asupra "ruinei" economice şi a "decăderii" politice a marii boierimi în prima modernitate

 A Critical Approach on the Economic "ruin" and the Political "decay" of the Romanian Great Nobility during the First Modernity

Bogdan Bucur


Author Adress: Universitatea din București, str. Schitu Măgureanu, nr. 9, sector 5, Bucureşti.
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Abstract: The purpose of this article is to challenge Ştefan Zeletin's classical sociological thesis (regarding the economic and politic extinction of the great Wallachian boyar-class) which is not historically sustainble neither on economic, nor on political grounds. From an economic point of view, we argue that the great Wallachian boyar families expanded their areas of economic interest, between 1774 and 1866, through industrial, banking, land-leasing or commercial investments, both internally, by founding market-places and fairs, and internationally, by getting involved in the export of cereal and animal commodities. From a politic point of view, we only remind that between 1859 and 1916, forty-six percent of those who held the highest governmental dignity in the modern Romanian state – that of Prime Minister – were representatives of the twenty-three great Wallachian boyar families.

Keywords: great Wallachian boyar families, political privileges, fiscal privileges, judiciary privileges, economic privileges, transition period from feudalism to capitalism, primitive accumulation of capital, latifundiary capital, commercial capital, mercantilism.

Cuvinte-cheie: marile familii boiereşti valahe, privilegii politice, privilegii fiscale, privilegii judiciare, privilegii economice, tranziţie de la feudalism la capitalism, acumulare primitivă de capital, capital moşieresc, capital comercial, mercantilism.