Sociologie Românească (Romanian Sociology), Vol. XI, no. 2/2013, pp. 42-60.
Determinanţii excluziunii sociale în România: o analiză cantitativă utilizând regresia logistică
Determinants of Social Exclusion in Romania: A Quantitative Analysis Using Logistic Regression
Dan Gheorghe Apăteanu*
Abstract: Social exclusion affects not only some social groups, that belongs to this category, but also the society as a whole. Hence, in order to ensure the community welfare, it is desirable to fight against social exclusion. In the first part of the paper, I have put forward the theoretical framework of the social exclusion. Next, I have illustrated a general overview of Romanians incomes after 1989, since their relevance is emphasized in most of the studies on social exclusion. I have examined the dynamics of incomes and I have pointed out the fluctuation of real incomes, as well as the magnitude of social groups confronted with this problem. I have continued with an analysis of the legal framework of social protection, in order to grasp the approach used to solve the lack of financial resources of the vulnerable groups. In the last part of the study, I have focused on the empirical analysis of the social exclusion determinants, in order to circumscribe from the social body the vulnerable parts. After I described the independent variables and operationalized the dependent variable, I have analyzed the available databases, by logistic regression analyses, and I have set forth the determinants of social exclusion, amongst the most important being families living in households with children, that increase the social exclusion, and a high level of education, that helps fight the social exclusion. Therefore, the paradigm of the social exclusion, which emphasizes the influence of the social and demographic characteristics of the individuals, it is proven to have a considerable explicative power.
Keywords: social exclusion; social protection; empirical analysis; logistic regression.
Cuvinte-cheie: excluziune socială; protecţie socială; analiză empirică; regresie logistică.