Pop 4/2009

Sociologie Românească, Vol. VII, no. 4/2009, pp. 124-137.




Post-comunism în Europa Centrală şi de Est. Îmburghezire à la Cluj

Post-communism in Central and Eastern Europe. Becoming bourgeois Cluj style

Cristian Ioan Pop*


*Universitatea „Babeş-Bolyai”, Cluj-Napoca


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Abstract: The changes arised after the fall of the communism period from Central Eastern Europe were a good source of reflection for the ones who were interested in the way in which the communism first appeared in these areas and it was a good chance of understanding  the various forms that it can have. The writings about this field are numerous; there were approached different components of the society, either political, economical,  cultural or social, but as a point of reference for this paper I chose the theory of embourgeoisment (Szelenyi, 1995), about which we know it has an important influence reported at the Hungarian space and we will try to adapt it to the Cluj space after 1989. Cluj Napoca is a special case, because here the communism and the first business men networks followed a different path compared to the other Romanian places, precisely due to the different local context that was dominated in the first years of communism period by a nationalist party. Here appears that embourgeoisement phenomenon due to the different actual conditions that made more difficult to apply other  theories,  useful  in  the  explanation  of  the  Romanian  general  situation.  The methodology I used is social network analysis, based on both public data processing and interviews in order to show that there is another kind of embourgeoisement in Cluj that is not based on a rural substrate inheritated from communism, but on achieved and gained knowledge in order to build a local capital. The first part of the text will focus on the changes produced in Central Eastern Europe during the postcommunism, The second part will rely on the changes produced in Romania during this transit period, followed  by the third part that relies on the special context from Cluj sustained by examples  and  explanations  of  the  local  embourgeoisement  phenomenon  and  by  a conclusion where the results are presented and discussed.

Keywords: embourgeoisment, capitalism, post communism, business  networks, interlocking directorates.

Cuvinte-cheie: îmburghezire, capitalism postcomunism, reţele de afaceri, directorate inteconectate.